A recent study looking at the commonly used class of flame retardants known as organophosphate flame retardants has shown an elevated presence of these chemicals in children when compared to their mothers. These flame retardants include TDCP， often referred to as Tris. (TDCP’s chemical designation is Tris (1，3-dichloro-2-propyl) and is also called TDCIPP or TDCPP). TDCP is listed as a known carcinogen by the State of California and has been associated with altered hormone levels and diminished semen quality in men in previous studies.
The study was funded in part by the Environmental Working Group (EWG) and conducted by researchers at Duke University and the EWG. Organophosphate flame retardants and components of the flame retardant Firemaster 550 (FM550) are the most commonly detected flame retardants in the polyurethane foam cushioning found in couches and baby products.？ Previous research on Firemaster 550 ？(which contains the organophosphate flame retardant TPHP as well as as EH-TBB， another chemical of potential concern) found that perinatal exposure to Firemaster 550 ？resulted in early puberty， glucose sensitivityunique gifts for men， and significant weight gain in rats.lace pillowcases
While past research demonstrated a high level of exposure in adults to these commonly used flame retardants， virtually no research existed prior to this study looking at exposure to organophosphate flame retardants in children. Not surprisingly， this new study suggests children are also ubiquitously exposed to these chemicals on a daily basis.
The presence of organophosphate flame retardants ？were determined through urine samples. Tests looked for associated metabolites， biomarkers left in the urine after the body had metabolized the flame retardants. ？Because of the presence of organophosphate flame retardants in common household dust， scientists suspected they would find higher levels in children， which the study verified. This higher level was predicted because children tend to have more hand to mouth activity than adults yet lower levels of hand washing.
This study looked at a relatively small sampling： 21 paired mothers and children in New Jersey， with children ranging between one and five years of age. BDCIPP， the biomarker for TDCP， was found in the urine of all of the test subjects ？but was found 4.9 times greater， on average， in the urine of the children than in their mothers.
While this study largely confirms what researchers already suspected， more research is needed on how this increased exposure may affect the health and development of our youngest citizens， who are regularly being exposed to these chemicals.
To read more about this important study， download the EWG report No Escape on the EWG website.
The Tour de France result was decided today and for the first time ever a British rider, Bradley Wiggins, won the race. Wiggins rides for Team Sky, which was set up in 2010 with the aim of winning the Tour de France with a British rider by 2013. At the time I thought this was completely unrealistic but, incredibly, they have achieved in. In support of Wiggins and Team Sky (and because I thought they’d look cute) I made some tiny yellow jerseys, or mini maillot jaune.So do you want to make a mini Maillot Jaune for your own budding cyclist? I used the Flashback Skinny Tee from Made by Rae as a starting point and made a few adjustments to get a cycling jersey. The changes include adding elasticated pockets on the back, a full length zip on the front, elasticated waistband and sleeves and adding a collar in the same material as the T-shirt. Rae just released it in sizes 6-14 too so you could make it for older children as well.I originally wrote the instructions for this here on my blog Craftstorming. Sky also gained a new sponsor :)
The New Year's celebration is a time for dreaming of a happy and prosperous future. Glitter and sparkle are common among decorations but can become stagnant without the right planning and design. This year, surprise your guests with a new twist on the razzle-dazzle of welcoming in the new year by using a variety of ideas from home and abroad.